Introduction

Websites are really important in the current times, especially when you want to expand your business and want to increase your reach. These days websites are a must-have not only for online businesses but also for physical stores. Having a website not only brings credibility but also helps in creating your brand image. In simpler words, websites can do wonders for your business, and especially for start-ups, the importance of having a website, cannot be ignored.

However, there are trillions of websites on the internet, and not all of them are successful. A lot goes into the process of web development. It is not an easy job for a web developer to develop a website. Right from conceptualizing the idea and converting it into a fully-functional website, there are too many things involved. But one of the most crucial things or rather the backbone of any website is the framework on which it is developed. Choosing the right framework is essential to make your website a success. You must choose the framework that fits all your requirements in terms of scalability and robustness and must be in sync with your future business goals.

Now that we have talked so much about frameworks, and the need to choose the right framework, let’s begin with knowing what role does framework play in web development. Along with that, we will also be talking about some of the best frameworks to use in 2021. So, let’s begin.

What is a Framework?

Now many of you must be confused about the term which we are discussing again and again. So, for those who do not know, a framework is the set of some predefined tools and a collection of programs written for a particular programming language using which anyone can create their own websites or applications. For example, PHP is a programming language, and CakePHP is the web development framework used to develop scalable and interactive websites for all types of businesses.

A proficient web development company generally has separate teams working on distinct frameworks. Anyone who is planning to get their website or app developed can look out for the web development services of their choice and a company that has expertise in creating unique solutions in that particular framework. They can also hire web developers in that particular domain in which they are looking to get their website or app developed.

Top 10 Web Development Frameworks to Choose in 2021

Now that we know what frameworks are, let us move on to knowing some of the best frameworks that are going to rule the web development world in 2021. But as you all know web development is divided into two parts: front-end development and back-end development. For those who are not aware of the differences between front-end and back-end development, let’s discuss it in brief first.

Front-end development is what the user sees on your website. Back-end, on the other hand, is also known as server-side development and is responsible for how your website works. It is also responsible for how the website communicates between the database and the browser.

Today, we are going to learn about some of the top frameworks in both the category individually. So, without much ado, let’s get started.

Top Front-end Frameworks to choose in 2021

1. Reactjs

One of the most popular front-end web development frameworks is Reactjs. Though React is not a web development framework but an open-source JavaScript library that is highly used for developing user interfaces. As per a React development company, this framework works best for creating single-page websites or mobile applications. React is very easy to use library, with simple declarative that allow developers to write code quite easily.

Pros of Using React:

  • Virtual DOM
  • Efficiency
  • High Performance
  • Downward Data Flow
  • Reusable Components
  • Huge Community
  • Easy to use Tools

Cons of Using React

  • Poor Documentation
  • Confusing JSX
  • Complicated SEO
  • A narrow focus on UI
Read Also: Tips to Reduce ReactJS App Maintenance Cost

2. Vue.js

Vuejs is another popular JavaScript framework that is used to develop a highly interactive front-end. This open-source front end JavaScript framework is mainly used for developing user interfaces and single-page applications. This framework uses “high decoupling,” which facilitate developers to create attractive and easy to use user interfaces (UIs).

When used with advanced tooling and supporting libraries, this framework can create powerful web apps and you can easily hire web developers that have expertise in creating unique solutions using this framework. Nintendo, Behance, Trivago, and Oval Money are some of the top companies that are already using this framework for their front-end development. 

Pros of Using Vuejs

  • Tiny size
  • Virtual DOM rendering and performance
  • Two-way data binding
  • Component reusability
  • Easy code readability
  • Good for unit-testing
  • Solid tooling ecosystem
  • Easy to learn
  • Ease of integration
  • Concise documentation

Cons of Using Vue.js

  • Language barrier
  • Fewer Plugins/Components
  • Issues with iOS & Safari
  • More Flexible than Needed
  • Small Community

3. Angular

Launched by Google in 2016, Angular is a TypeScript based web development framework that has gained immense popularity in the last couple of years. This front-end development framework is also based on JavaScript and is known to create scalable and high-performing web apps for a business of any size.

It is ranked among the top 3 front-end frameworks that facilitate developers to write and manage codes very easily. Angular lets developers create too many modules for a single-page application, and this is the main reason why Angularjs development services are so much in demand among the users. 

Pros of Using Angular

  • Two-way Data Binding
  • Custom Directives
  • Dependency Injection
  • MVC Architecture implementation
  • Enhanced Design Architecture
  • Modules

Cons of Using Angular

  • Limited SEO Options
  • Difficult to Learn
  • CLI Documentation is Lacking Details
  • Too Many Versions 
  • A Lot of Boilerplate Code 

4. jQuery

jQuery is a very small yet fast JavaScript library that is known to simplify the whole process of front-end development. It is one of the easiest frameworks to learn, and this is the reason why most companies offering web development services prefer using this language for their front-end development. Many top companies like Twitter, Uber, Microsoft, Pandora, Kickstarter, and SurveyMonkey are already using this JavaScript library.

Most developers love using jQuery is because of its compatibility with almost every browser. Also, jQuery has rich support of plugins, which makes the work of a developer quite easy. It also has enormous community support as its been years that this library is being used to develop websites. 

Pros of Using jQuery

  • Compatible with all browsers
  • Easy to use
  • Beginner-friendly
  • Good plugin support
  • Large developers’ community
  • Built-in UI and effects libraries
  • Easily add Ajax functionality to an app
  • Lightweight
  • Faster programming
  • Great API documentation

Cons of Using jQuery

  • Slower than CSS
  • Not meant for complex projects
  • Not good for mobile app development
Read Also: Tips to Hire Frontend Developer

5. Ember.js

Released in the year 2011, this open-source JavaScript web framework allows developers to create innovative and out-of-the-box solutions for your business. Just like Angular, this framework is also based on two-way data binding, which makes web development really easy. Some people believe that is an Ember difficult framework to master, and not all can learn this framework easily.

Therefore, while choosing the web development company for your Ember project you have to be really careful and cautious. Though this is not a very popular front-end framework like Vue or Angular, still developers love using this framework as it has really simple documentation. Companies like LinkedIn, Skylight, Yahoo, Netflix, and Microsoft are using some components of Ember.js for their projects.

Pros of Using Ember.js

  • Two-way data binding
  • Best architectures
  • Great for developing complex applications

Cons of Using Ember.js

  • Difficult to learn
  • A small community
  • Lesser Plugins

This is our list of top 5 front-end web development frameworks that are surely going to rule the web development world in 2021, and now let’s move on to the back-end frameworks.

Top Back-end Frameworks to choose in 2021

Back-end development is the backbone of your app and website and this is the main reason why choosing the right back-end framework is crucial. Here are the top 5 back-end frameworks that can help narrow down your search so that you can get the desired website or app developed.

1. NodeJS

Now coming to the back-end web development framework, Nodejs tops the list in terms of popularity and usage. Nodejs is an open-source web development framework written in C, C++, and JavaScript. Node.js open-source, JavaScript runtime environment that executes the code outside a web browser. Node.js is a mix of the runtime conditions and JavaScript libraries and is quick to execute to code, likewise single-strung yet profoundly versatile. Companies like Trello, PayPal, Medium, eBay, and even NASA have opted for Nodejs development services for some of their projects.

Pros of Using Nodejs

  • Better efficiency
  • Code reusability
  • Better speed
  • High Performance
  • Scalability
  • Easy to learn
  • Free tool
  • Good support of plugins
  • Cost-effective
  • Large community support
  • Improves response time
  • Rich ecosystem

Cons for Using Nodejs

  • Not good for heavy tasks
  • Callback hell issue
  • Immaturity of tooling
  • Unstable API
  • Asynchronous Programming Model

2. Laravel

Laravel is one of the most popular PHP-based open-source web development frameworks that is known for its simple structure, easy to code capabilities, and cutting-edge tools. Based on the model–view–controller architectural pattern, this framework facilitates web developers to create a powerful backend for all kinds of websites and apps. Due to its robust ecosystem, these days more and more entrepreneurs are opting for Laravel development services for their projects.   

Hire Laravel Developers

Pros of Using Laravel

  • Variety of tools
  • Easy to learn
  • The model-view-controller structure
  • Elegant Object Relational Mapping support
  • Blade template engine
  • Dependency injection
  • Great documentation
  • Agile development process
  • Reverse routing

Cons of Using Laravel

  • Lack of in-built support
  • Too many updates

3. CakePHP

Another PHP web development framework that is widely used to create a sturdy and scalable app is CakePHP. Business owners prefer using CakePHP development services for their projects as this is one of the easiest to use back-end development frameworks and lets you create an app really fast. This framework also follows the model–view–controller approach and is known to create simpler, fast, and secure web apps. Developers need not write lengthy code while creating apps using this framework.

Hire CakePHP developers

Pros of Using CakePHP

  • Built-in ORM
  • Easy to customize
  • Easy to learn
  • Lesser codes
  • Automatic routing
  • Highly secure
  • Flexible
  • To many plugins

Cons of Using CakePHP

  • More suited to older PHP versions
  • More complex as compared to Laravel

4. Django

Unlike Laravel and CakePHP, Django is a high-level web development framework based on Python. This framework comes with built-in batteries that make the process of web development much easier. Companies offering Django development services love using this framework as developers need not look for external plugins as this framework has almost everything that is required to create scalable, innovative, and robust web apps for businesses of all sizes.

This framework is mostly preferred for creating large-scale applications, and if you are looking to create a small-scale app, this framework might not be the best choice for your project. Companies like Mozilla, Disqus, National Geographic, and Pinterest are already using this framework for their websites.

Pros of Using Django

  • Highly customizable
  • Scalable
  • Flexible
  • Batteries included
  • Highly secure

Cons of Using Django

  • Lack of convention
  • Speed
  • Not good for smaller apps
Read Also: PHP vs Python vs Ruby : A Detailed Comparison

5. Ruby on Rails (ROR)

Last but not the least, Ruby on Rails is one of the most popular back-end development frameworks that are just the right choice for start-ups as this framework offers an agile development process. This widely used framework is written on iconic Ruby and has features similar to Django. Following the MVC (model view controller) and DRY (don’t repeat yourself) approach, this framework is the first choice for most web development companies available in the market.

If you are planning t launch your web app in the market, and are short of time, then reaching out to a top-notch Ruby on Rails development company can be a great choice. Some examples of popular companies that are already using ROR are SoundCloud, Shopify, Basecamp, and GitHub.

Pros of Using ROR

  • Multiple libraries
  • Variety of plugins
  • Easy to code
  • Easy to learn
  • Clear syntax
  • Large community
  • Speedy development process

Cons of Using ROR

  • Runtime speed and performance
  • Less flexible
  • high development cost

Final Words

We have already talked a lot about choosing the right framework for your project and how important it is for making your website or an app a success. These were the top 10 web development frameworks that are going to rule 2021 also. So, if you are also planning to mark your online presence or looking to scale up your business operations via launching your own website or web app, this list will surely help you in finding the right technology for your project.

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